Nanostructures

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By Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council

ISBN-10: 0309102235

ISBN-13: 9780309102230

ISBN-10: 0309661382

ISBN-13: 9780309661386

The nationwide Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) used to be created in 2000 to concentration and coordinate the nanoscience and nanotechnology study and improvement (R&D) actions being funded through numerous federal companies. the aim of the NNI is to marshal those study actions so one can speed up liable improvement and deployment of nanotechnology for fiscal profit and nationwide safeguard. To take inventory of the development of the NNI, Congress, in P. L. 108-153, the twenty first Century Nanotechnology learn and improvement Act, directed the nationwide examine Council to hold out a assessment of this system each 3 years. This document provides the result of the 1st of these stories, which addresses the commercial impression of nanotechnology advancements and gives a benchmark of U.S. R&D efforts relative to these undertaken through international rivals. moreover, the record bargains an evaluation of the present prestige of in charge improvement of nanotechnology and reviews at the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.

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The strategic plan also outlines program component areas (PCAs) that were developed as a means to categorize and describe the many different investments in nanotechnology R&D made by the federal agencies that support research (see Table 1-1). The PCAs provide a framework that allows the NSET Subcommittee, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Office of Management and Budget, and Congress to be informed of NNI-related activities in a consistent fashion and that facilitates the management of investments in each PCA and the coordination and direction of activities within the participating agencies.

The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology and Industry. Supplement to the President’s FY 2006 Budget Request. March. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 1 A Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative I n the mid-1990s, as better methods for the characterization, processing, and manipulation of matter at the nanoscale were being developed in research programs supported by the science and technology agencies of the federal government, these agencies began holding informal discussions on a common vision for what became known as nanotechnology (see Box 1-1 for a discussion of some definitions of nanotechnology).

National Academy Press. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html A M at t e r 18 of Size the missions of the participating agencies; ensuring continuing leadership by the United States in nanoscale science, engineering, and technology; and contributing to the nation’s economic competitiveness. CONTEXT FOR CURRENT OPERATION OF the NNI Management and Advisory Structure In December 2003, the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act3 (NRDA) was signed into law, putting the NNI on a legislative footing that had been lacking.

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A Matter of Size by Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council


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