By Terrance I. Norton
Oil leaks from aboveground tanks have infected soil and water, threatening human health and wellbeing and natural world. to avoid harm from oil spills, the Environmental safeguard organization (EPA) issued the Spill Prevention, keep watch over, and Countermeasure (SPCC) rule in 1973. EPA's 10 areas investigate cross-check oil garage amenities to make sure compliance with the rule of thumb. EPA estimates that approximately 571,000 amenities are topic to this rule. a few states additionally control oil garage tanks. GAO made up our minds how EPA areas enforce the SPCC application, the information EPA has to enforce and review this system, and even if a few states' tank courses recommend methods for EPA to enhance its application. GAO surveyed all 10 EPA areas and interviewed officers in EPA and 6 states chosen at the foundation of specialists' concepts, between different standards.
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Additional resources for Aboveground Oil Storage Tanks
How accurately do these state data capture the total number of facilities subject to SPCC regulations in your region? Region 9: California. ” Region 6: Texas and Oklahoma. Region 6 says that state databases “have not been designed for determining SPCC inventories. ” 38. In federal fiscal year 2006, did your region use oil spill data from other sources to manage the SPCC program in your region? Yes 3 Æ What sources? No 7 Æ SKIP to question 40. 52 Terrance I. Norton 39. How accurately does this data from other sources capture the total number of facilities subject to SPCC regulations in your region?
The output from this tool can be used by officials to help identify and pinpoint the location of facilities and prioritize their inspections based on potential risk and other criteria. EPA officials told us that OSCARS may have some outdated information because it is costly to update, but they considered this an acceptable limitation. According to Region 6 officials, OSCARS has allowed them to more effectively target problem sites and identify egregious regulation violators. They consider OSCARS of particular importance in Region 6, in which 116 counties contain a large proportion of the nation’s petroleum facilities and exhibit high-risk characteristics such as the potential to cause significant and substantial harm to the Aboveground Oil Storage Tanks 25 environment or public health if a large release into or upon navigable water occurs.
However, because of different reporting requirements, states may not have information on the full universe of SPCC-regulated facilities that EPA needs. 32 Terrance I. Norton State Officials Reported That a Closer State-EPA Working Relationship Could Benefit the SPCC Program The extent to which EPA regions coordinate with the states in identifying, targeting, and inspecting aboveground storage tank facilities, and ensuring compliance, depends on the individual region. Some regions we contacted told us they proactively contact the states as well as other federal and local agencies for information, while other regions told us they have varied or limited contact with the state tank programs in their region.
Aboveground Oil Storage Tanks by Terrance I. Norton