By Albert H. Tillson Jr.
Accommodating Revolutions addresses an argument of lengthy status between historians of eighteenth-century the US and Virginia -- the level to which inner clash and/or consensus characterised the society of the innovative period. particularly, it emphasizes the complicated and infrequently self-defeating activities and judgements of dissidents and different non-elite teams. by way of concentrating on a small yet major zone, Tillson elucidates the a number of and interrelated resources of clash that beset progressive Virginia, but in addition explains why finally so little changed.In the Northern Neck -- the six-county component to Virginia's Tidewater mendacity among the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers -- Tillson scrutinizes a prosperous and strong, yet bothered, planter elite, which incorporated such sought after males as George Washington, Richard Henry Lee, Landon Carter, and Robert Carter. in the course of the overdue eighteenth and early 19th centuries, the Northern Neck gentry faced not just contradictions in cultural beliefs and behavioral styles inside of their very own lives, but in addition the power hostility in their poorer white pals, bobbing up from a various array of neighborhood financial and political matters. those insecurities have been additional intensified via adjustments within the procedure of African American slavery and through the becoming function of Scottish retailers and their Virginia brokers within the advertising of Chesapeake tobacco. For a time, the upheavals surrounding the warfare for American Independence and the approximately contemporaneous upward thrust of shiny, biracial evangelical spiritual pursuits threatened to extend well known discontent to the purpose of overwhelming the gentry's political authority and cultural hegemony. yet after all, the present order survived basically intact. partly, this was once as the region's leaders came upon how one can restrict and accommodate threatening advancements and styles of switch, mostly by utilizing conventional social and political appeals that had served them good for many years. but partly it was once additionally simply because traditional Northern Neckers -- together with many leaders within the activities of wartime and non secular dissidence -- consciously or unconsciously accommodated themselves to either the styles of monetary switch remodeling their global and to the conventional beliefs of the elite, and therefore have been not able to articulate or settle for an alternate imaginative and prescient for the way forward for the quarter.
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Additional info for Accommodating revolutions: Virginia's Northern Neck in an Era of Transformations, 1760-1810
Yet Walter at the time was completing his Scott ish medical studies, for which Thomas had paid in large part by obtaining lines of credit from several different British merchants, apparently keeping at least one ignorant of what others had done. By the time Walter returned to Virginia in 1770, his brother’s debt to James Russell alone exceeded £450. As late as 1776, over £300 of this obligation remained unpaid. And less than a month before the 1769 letter informing his brother of Russell’s affi rmation of his fi nancial reliability, Walter had written Thomas of another, less comforting incident.
92 Indeed, substantial amounts of agricultural commodities, especially fresh produce, were sent from family to family as gifts and expressions of friendship and social obligation. As often as several times a week in the 1790s, Benjamin Grymes of Stafford County sent fresh meat, fish, crabs, fruit, cider, and other things to his uncle, William Fitzhugh, who lived across the Rappahannock River from Fredericksburg. The quantities were often large— wagonloads of produce or several head of livestock—and Fitzhugh especially appreciated them, as they helped to meet the needs of the large numbers of household guests whom he felt obliged to accommodate.
Fithian regularly resisted pressures from friends and associates to socialize more extensively than he cared to do and especially to participate in dancing, at which he considered himself completely incompetent. On one occasion when Mrs. Carter insisted that he attend a dance with her, another young man confronted him and demanded to know why he had come if he wanted neither to dance nor to play cards. 40 Ultimately, the requirements of fashionable behavior and consumption could endanger the standing of all members of the gentry class.
Accommodating revolutions: Virginia's Northern Neck in an Era of Transformations, 1760-1810 by Albert H. Tillson Jr.