By Stephen Cheung
This article addresses the first environmental components affecting humans once they are workout and competing in activity and offers evidence-based details with quite a few references.
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Extra resources for Advanced environmental exercise physiology
Common also to most indices are threshold temperatures for progressively stronger warnings of heat alerts, based on conservative estimates of anticipated tolerance. While the use of such heat stress indices has undoubtedly greatly mitigated the risk for hyperthermia, some significant limitations are present with the WBGT and its derivative models of quantifying heat stress. From a practical perspective, an important limitation is the lengthy measurement time required for the temperature sensors to equilibrate and provide a stable and accurate reading.
After all, the primary concern in thermally stressful situations remains the actual response of any particular individual. As with modeling thermal stress, one challenge is selecting physiological variables that are scientifically relevant yet few in number and relatively simple to measure in the field to provide easier real-time monitoring of individuals. Many examples of thermal strain models have been developed over the years. One example is the Physiological Strain Index (PSI) that was first proposed in the late 1990s.
1) Gonzalez-Alonso et al. 1) Standard errors are in parentheses. , American football, auto racing) settings, protective clothing is required to shield the individual from environmental hazards or from injury. Protective clothing, which is typically heavy, thick, multilayered, and bulky, exacerbates the challenge of thermoregulation by increasing the metabolic cost of exercise through adding weight and decreasing efficiency of movement. At the same time, the limited water vapor permeability across the clothing layers further decreases the rate of evaporative heat exchange (Nunneley 1989).
Advanced environmental exercise physiology by Stephen Cheung