By Christopher A. Jones
Even though most sensible identified at the present time for his outdated English homilies, the Anglo-Saxon pupil ?lfric additionally composed, in a "letter" to his fellow clergymen, a collection of Latin liturgical directions that provide a unprecedented glimpse of what traditional clergymen have been anticipated to understand and do. This e-book features a new version of the Latin textual content with a severe equipment, and the one whole English translation. observation and vast introductory chapters determine the letter's extraordinary significance for our knowing of overdue Anglo-Saxon monasticism and liturgy.
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Additional resources for Aelfric's Letter to the Monks of Eynsham
A comparison between the LME and manuscripts of the source reveals that the most common variants are ¯uctuations between singular and plural verb forms (though such discrepancies might hinge only on a scribe's forgetting or wrongly supplying a titulus) and between indicatives and subjunctives. For example, LME 18 and RC (Fa) 46 si nondum diei [dies LME manuscript] aurora eluxerit, agreeing against RC (Ti), where the phrase is omitted. The omission of the phrase in (Ti) is probably the result of a scribe's anticipation of a similar phrase introducing the next sentence; see RC (Kornexl), p.
5 The LME repeatedly reminds its readers of this textual dependence by introducing quotations or paraphrases of the Concordia with tags such as `consuetudo: . ' or 3 4 5 The tripartite structure was pointed out by Gatch, `The Of®ce', pp. 348±9. These divisions are indicated in the manuscript by the use of coloured initials (the ®rst letters of LME 1, 2 and 70) and rubrics (`Finiunt consuetudines' at the end of LME 69). The only other use of colours in the entire text is in LME 69, with the heading `Oratio pro defuncto fratre' in red and a green initial in the prayer `Satisfaciat'.
On liturgical accretions to the monastic liturgy between the ®fth and tenth centuries, see RC (Symons), pp. xlviii±l, and RC (Kornexl), pp. lxiii±lxiv. The simplest overview is still provided by Symons's outlines of the horaria (both winter and summer) inferred from the Concordia; see RC (Symons), pp. xliii±xliv; repr. with minor alterations by Knowles, Monastic Order, pp. 714±15 (Table XVIII). LME 2: `[From] the Kalends of October, excluding Sundays and feast days, Prime should be sung at ®rst light, together with the seven psalms and the litanies.
Aelfric's Letter to the Monks of Eynsham by Christopher A. Jones