By Wayne Flynt
An authoritative well known historical past that locations the country in neighborhood and nationwide context.Alabama is a country choked with contrasts. at the one hand, it has elected the bottom variety of ladies to the kingdom legislature of any kingdom within the union; but in accordance with historians it produced of the 10 most vital American girls of the 20 th century—Helen Keller and Rosa Parks. Its everyone is fanatically dedicated to conservative spiritual values; but they freely idolize tarnished soccer courses because the resource in their heroes. voters who're questioned via Alabama's maddening resistance to alter or its quite robust experience of culture and group will locate vital clues and new realizing inside of those pages.Written by means of passionate Alabamian and finished historian Wayne Flynt, Alabama within the 20th Century deals assisting arguments for either detractors and admirers of the nation. a local son who has lived, enjoyed, taught, debated, and grieved in the nation for 60 of the a hundred years defined, the writer doesn't balk from stating Alabama's mess ups, comparable to the woeful yoke of a 1901 country structure, the oldest one within the country; nor is he restricted in calling realization to the state's triumphs opposed to nice odds, comparable to its extra special variety of army heroes and proficient athletes, its incredible array of writers, folks artists, and musicians, or its haunting actual attractiveness regardless of many years of abuse.Chapters are geared up through topic—politics, the economic climate, schooling, African american citizens, girls, the army, recreation, faith, literature, paintings, journalism—rather than chronologically, so the reader can digest the total sweep of the century on a specific topic. Flynt’s writing sort is enticing, descriptive, freed from muddle, but in accordance with sound scholarship. This e-book deals academics and readers alike the significant diversity and complexity of Alabama's triumphs and occasional issues in a defining century.
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Additional info for Alabama in the Twentieth Century (Modern South)
For permission to reuse this work, contact the University of Alabama Press. T H E 1 9 0 1 C ONST IT U T ION 19 property taxes. 3 million. Current use gave Alabama a tax advantage over other southern states. An Alabama home owner in 1984 with a house valued at $100,000 paid $352 in ad valorem taxes compared to $1,069 in Georgia, $1,090 in Florida, and $1,410 in Mississippi. Businesses valued at $500,000 paid $4,160 in Alabama compared to $5,600, $7,250, and $3,750 in the other states. Timber and farm owners with property worth $500,000 market value paid $1,475 in Alabama compared to $3,150, $7,250, and $5,625 in the three neighboring states.
S. Supreme Court declared section 232 of the Alabama constitution unconstitutional at the end of the century, throwing the state into yet another ¤nancial crisis. At least by then the state had nearly a century’s experience dealing with ¤nancial crises generated by the ®awed tax structure created by the 1901 constitution. The primary state function crippled by insuf¤cient tax revenue was education. The problems were fourfold: citizens’ historic resistance to taxation; lack of commitment to education; inadequate funding; unpredictable and unreliable existing funding.
Ordinary citizens chortled with delight. In Alabama, every important political decision belonged rightfully to the people, or so they believed. They might reject referenda to prohibit liquor or establish a state lottery, write a new constitution or legalize abortions, but they expected the right to determine such matters for themselves, not have the legislature decide for them. In 1901 Alabama was the only southern state to allow a public referendum on a disfranchisement constitution. It remains one of the few states to elect its supreme court justices.
Alabama in the Twentieth Century (Modern South) by Wayne Flynt