By Stephen Lewis (Auth.)
Anatomy is a technology which, to lots of its scholars, is couched in phrases that are obscure, being drawn from different languages, cultures and eras. Many have came across a step forward in comprehension of the topic via a fuller figuring out of its terminology because the phrases used are in basic terms basic descriptions of anatomical buildings yet in an unexpected language. it's the target of this publication to supply all who learn anatomy with an easy reference consultant to such phrases so that their comprehension of the topic can be more desirable. this isn't easily a dictionary of anatomical phrases, even though there's a relevant alphabetical word list. really, a variety of phrases were passed over from this word list and grouped jointly by way of universal subject matters right into a sequence of particularly brief sections on the entrance of the publication. during this approach, cross-referencing inside those subject matters is made a lot more uncomplicated in view that all comparable entries are in a single position. The checklist of contents is a truly worthy indicator and consultant to the site of notice. a number of anatomical buildings also endure the identify of an individual with whom they've got turn into linked. even supposing using eponyms is now discouraged, their use isn't really extinct and so a listing is supplied on the finish
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Extra resources for An Anatomical Wordbook
So called because it is the nerve of hearing. ) So called because nerves pass to the semicircular canals and cochlear. ) 26 Names of the cranial nerves and their meanings IX Glossopharyngeal X Vagus XI Accessory also known as: Spinal Accessory XII Hypoglossal 27 So called because it passes to the tongue and pharynx. ) The wandering nerve. So called because the structures it supplies are less clearly confined spatially than those of the other cranial nerves. ) So called because, in travelling with the vagus nerve for part of its course, it appears supplementary to it.
Readily movable joints. (From syn (Gk): together, with + ovum (Gk): egg. A term first used by Paracelsus (c. ) See pivot joint. Words pertaining to action, movement and position in space Abduction Adduction Afferent Anterior Axillary Bilateral Caudal Circumduction Collateral Contralateral Cranial Cubital Deep Dexter Distal Dorsal Dorsiflexion Efferent Eversion Extension Extensor External Fibular Flexion To move a part away from the mid-line To move a part towards the mid-line Direction of flow or passage towards a reference structure Referring to the front Referring to the armpit On both sides Towards the tail A circular motion of a limb On each side Referring to the opposite side Towards the head Referring to the (anterior) fossa of the elbow Referring to a structure further from the surface than another The right side Towards the free end of a limb Pertaining to the back or towards the back To flex the ankle so as to turn the foot upwards Direction of flow or passage away from a reference structure To turn the plantar surface of the foot laterally To increase the inner angle at a joint Sometimes used with reference to the posterior aspect of the arm (Not applicable to the leg) Outside, usually with reference to a hollow structure Referring to the lateral aspect of the leg To decrease the inner angle at a joint 31 32 An anatomical wordbook Flexor Hypaxial Inferior Inguinal Internal Inversion Ipsilateral Lateral Lateral rotation Longitudinal Median Medial Medial rotation Palmar Paramedian Parasagittal Peroneal Plantar Plantar flexion Popliteal Postaxial Posterior Preaxial Sometimes used with reference to the anterior aspect of the arm (Not applicable to the leg) Below or ventral to the vertebral column Towards the tail (caudal) Referring to the groin Inside, usually with reference to a hollow structure To turn the plantar surface of the foot medially Referring to the same side Referring to the side To turn the arm or leg, at the shoulder or hip, outwards with respect to the anatomical position Referring to the long axis of the body In the mid-line of the body Referring to a structure relatively closer to the median plane than another To turn the arm or leg, at the shoulder or hip, inwards with respect to the anatomical position The surface of the hand directed forwards, in the anatomical position — the palm On a plane parallel to that of the median (sagittal) plane On a plane parallel to that of the sagittal (median) plane Fibular The surface of the foot upon the ground, in the anatomical position — the sole of the foot To flex the ankle so as to turn the foot downwards Referring to the (posterior) fossa of the knee Posterior to an axis Referring to the back Anterior to an axis Words pertaining to action, movement and position in space Pronation Proximal Radial Rotate Sagittal Sinister Superficial Superior Supination Tibial Ulnar Unilateral Ventral Volar 33 To turn the palmar surface of the hand to face posteriorly Towards the trunk (fixed) end of a limb Referring to the lateral aspect of the forearm To turn about a long axis In an anteroposterior direction The left side Referring to a structure lying closer to the surface than another Towards the head (cranial) To turn the palmar surface of the hand to face anteriorly Referring to the medial aspect of the leg Referring to the medial aspect of the forearm On one side only Pertaining to the front or towards the front Referring to the palmar aspect Some anatomical lines, planes and points For descriptive purposes, the human body is divided by imaginary lines and planes.
Names of the cranial nerves and their meanings I Olfactory II Optic III Oculomotor IV Trochlear V Trigeminal VI Abducent VII Facial VIII Auditory also known as: Vestibulocochlear So called because it is the nerve of smell. ) So called because it is the nerve of sight. ) So called because it is the motor nerve to the extrinsic muscles of the eyeball, apart from the superior oblique and lateral rectus, also of the ciliary muscle and sphincter of the iris. ) So called because it supplies the superior oblique muscle which passes through the trochlea.
An Anatomical Wordbook by Stephen Lewis (Auth.)