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Ancient Philosophy: A New History of Western Philosophy - download pdf or read online

By Anthony Kenny

ISBN-10: 0198752725

ISBN-13: 9780198752721

ISBN-10: 0198752733

ISBN-13: 9780198752738

ISBN-10: 1429492708

ISBN-13: 9781429492706

Sir Anthony Kenny the following tells the interesting tale of the start of philosophy and its striking flourishing within the old Mediterranean international. this is often the preliminary quantity of a four-book set during which Kenny will spread a magisterial new historical past of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author heritage of philosophy to seem in decades.
Ancient Philosophy spans over 1000 years and brings to lifestyles the good minds of the prior, from Thales, Pythagoras, and Parmenides, to Socrates, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius, and Augustine. The book's nice advantage is that it really is written via one of many world's top professionals at the topic. rather than an uncritical, common recitation of identified facts--Plato and his cave of shadows, Aristotle's ethics, Augustine's urban of God--we see the foremost philosophers during the eyes of a guy who has spent a life-time considering their paintings. therefore we don't easily get an outline of Aristotle, for instance, yet a penetrating and insightful critique of his notion. Kenny deals an illuminating account of a few of the faculties of suggestion, from the Pre-Socratics to the Epicureans. He examines the improvement of good judgment and cause, historic principles approximately physics ("how issues happen"), metaphysics and ethics, and the earliest pondering the soul and god.
Vividly written, yet severe and deep adequate to provide a real realizing of the good philosophers, Kenny's lucid and stimulating heritage turns into the definitive paintings for somebody attracted to the folk and concepts that formed the process Western inspiration.

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Extra info for Ancient Philosophy: A New History of Western Philosophy Volume 1 (New History of Western Philosophy)

Sample text

The Pythagoreans In antiquity Pythagoras shared with Thales the credit for introducing philosophy into the Greek world. He was born in Samos, an island oV the coast of Asia Minor, about 570 bc. At the age of 40 he emigrated to Croton on the toe of Italy. There he took a leading part in the political aVairs of the city, until he was banished in a violent revolution about 510 bc. He moved to nearby Metapontum, where he died at the turn of the century. During his time at Croton he founded a semireligious community, which outlived him until it was scattered about 450 bc.

There he may have encountered Xenophanes on his wanderings. Like Xenophanes, he was a poet: he wrote a philosophical poem in clumsy verse, of which we possess about 120 lines. He is the Wrst philosopher whose writing has come down to us in continuous fragments that are at all substantial. The poem consists of a prologue and two parts, one called the path of truth, the other the path of mortal opinion. The prologue shows us the poet riding in a chariot with the daughters of the Sun, leaving behind the halls of night and travelling towards the light.

Like Thales, he thought that the earth must rest on something, but he proposed air, rather than water, for its cushion. The earth itself is Xat, and so are the heavenly bodies. These, instead of rotating above and below us in the course of a day, circle horizontally around us like a bonnet rotating around a head (KRS 151–6). The rising and setting of the heavenly bodies is explained, apparently, by the tilting of the Xat earth. As for the ultimate principle, Anaximenes found Anaximander’s boundless matter too rareWed a concept, and opted, like Thales, for a single one of the existing elements as fundamental, though again he opted for air rather than water.

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Ancient Philosophy: A New History of Western Philosophy Volume 1 (New History of Western Philosophy) by Anthony Kenny

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